Bond Basics: Understanding the Foundations of Fixed-Income Investing

Fixed-income investing has been a popular choice among investors who are looking for a relatively stable stream of income while preserving their capital. Bonds, one of the many types of fixed-income investments, Various entities such as governments, corporations, and municipalities issue these bonds to raise capital. They provide investors with the opportunity to earn interest on their investment while their principal returns at maturity.

Capital Gain Bonds

Capital gain bonds are a type of bond that offers tax benefits to investors, primarily those who have a significant capital gain from the sale of an asset. Government entities issue these bonds and have a lock-in period of five years. They offer tax relief on capital gains from the sale of a property, building, or any other asset, as long as the proceeds from the sale are invested in these bonds within six months.

Interest Rate

Bonds offer interest to investors as compensation for the use of their money. The interest rate of a bond depends on various factors such as the creditworthiness of the issuer, the time until maturity, and prevailing interest rates in the market. Bonds with longer maturities and those issued by entities with lower credit ratings offer higher interest rates. On the other hand, bonds with shorter maturities and those issued by entities with higher credit ratings offer lower interest rates.

Calculating Yield

The yield of a bond is the effective return on investment calculated based on the interest rate and the price paid for the bond. It is important to note that the yield of a bond is not the same as its interest rate. The yield takes into account the price paid for the bond as well. For instance, a bond with a face value of INR 1,000 and an interest rate of 5% would provide INR 50 as interest. However, if the bond is purchased for INR 950, the effective yield would be 5.26%, as the investor gains both the interest and the capital gain on the difference in price.


Investing in the stock market, especially in fixed-income instruments like bonds, comes with various risks. Therefore, investors must gauge all the pros and cons of trading in the Indian stock market while keeping their investment goals and risk appetite in mind. It is advisable for investors to seek professional financial advice before making any investment decisions.

Role Of Fear and Greed Index in Share Market

The Fear and Greed Index serves as a valuable tool for investors, providing insights into market sentiment and helping them make more informed decisions in the dynamic world of stock trading. However, like any indicator, it’s essential to use it in conjunction with other analytical tools and not rely solely on it for investment decisions.


Fixed-income investments like bonds are an excellent choice for investors who are looking for stable returns while preserving their capital. Capital gain bonds are a unique type of bond that offers tax benefits to investors on their capital gains. Bonds offer interest to investors, while their yields account for both the interest rate and the price paid for the bond. However, investors must always assess their risk tolerance and investment goals before making any investment decisions.

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