Benefits, Challenges and Future Directions for Sustainability in Co-Working Spaces

Sustainability has become an increasingly important issue in today’s world. As the global population grows and resources become scarcer, it is more important than ever to promote sustainable practices in all aspects of life. This includes the workplace, where businesses have a significant impact on the environment through their energy consumption, waste generation, and transportation practices.

The co-working industry has seen tremendous growth in recent years, with the number of co-working spaces worldwide increasing from 1,130 in 2011 to over 22,000 in 2019. Co-working spaces are shared workspaces that allow individuals and companies to work together in a collaborative and flexible environment. While co-working spaces have numerous benefits for businesses and individuals, they also have the potential to contribute to sustainability efforts in the workplace.

Benefits of Sustainability Practices in Co-Working Spaces

Implementing sustainability practices in co-working spaces not only benefits the environment but also has economic and social benefits. Here are some of the key benefits:

  1. Environmental Benefits

Sustainability practices in co-working spaces help reduce environmental impact in several ways, such as:

  • Lower Carbon Footprint: By reducing energy consumption, using renewable energy sources, and promoting sustainable transportation practices, co-working spaces can significantly lower their carbon footprint.
  • Waste Reduction: Proper waste management practices, such as recycling and composting, reduce the amount of waste sent to landfills and promote a circular economy.
  1. Economic Benefits

Sustainability practices can also have significant economic benefits, such as:

  • Cost Savings: By reducing energy and resource consumption, co-working spaces can save money on utility bills and other operational costs. For example, the WeWork co-working space in Shanghai saved 15% on its electricity costs by using LED lighting.
  • Increased Revenue: Co-working spaces that prioritize sustainability practices can attract environmentally-conscious clients and increase their revenue.
  1. Social Benefits

Sustainability practices in co-working spaces can also have social benefits, including:

  • Improved Employee Satisfaction and Productivity: Sustainable practices in the workplace can improve employee satisfaction and productivity. For example, the Hoffice co-working space in Sweden found that employees who participated in their composting program reported increased well-being and job satisfaction.
  • Community Building: Co-working spaces that prioritize sustainability practices can help build a sense of community and shared values among employees and clients.

Challenges to Implementing Sustainable Practices in Co-Working Spaces

While implementing sustainability practices in co-working spaces can have numerous benefits, there are also several challenges that co-working spaces may face, such as:

  1. High Upfront Costs

Many sustainable practices, such as green building design and renewable energy sources, can require significant upfront costs that may be challenging for some co-working spaces to finance.

  1. Lack of Buy-In from Members

Some co-working space members may not prioritize sustainability, which can make it challenging to implement and maintain sustainable practices.

  1. Limited Space

Co-working spaces often have limited space, which can make it difficult to implement sustainable practices that require additional space, such as composting or community gardens.

Strategies for Overcoming Challenges

While these challenges can be significant, there are several strategies that co-working spaces can use to overcome them, such as:

  1. Partnering with Sustainability-Focused Organizations

Co-working spaces can partner with sustainability-focused organizations, such as local environmental groups or energy providers, to help finance and implement sustainable practices. These partnerships can also provide educational resources and help promote sustainable practices to members.

  1. Providing Education and Incentives for Members

Providing education and incentives for members can help promote sustainable practices and encourage buy-in from members. For example, co-working spaces can offer educational workshops on sustainability topics or provide incentives, such as discounts or prizes, for members who participate in sustainable practices, such as composting or using sustainable transportation options.

  1. Prioritizing Sustainable Practices in Business Operations

Co-working spaces can prioritize sustainable practices in their business operations, such as using energy-efficient lighting and appliances or implementing waste reduction programs, to reduce operational costs and demonstrate the importance of sustainability to members.

Future Directions for Sustainability in Co-Working Spaces

While many co-working spaces have implemented innovative sustainable practices, there is still significant potential for further innovation in this area. Some potential areas for future development include:

  1. Circular Economy Models

Circular economy models aim to minimize waste by designing products and materials with a focus on reuse and recycling. Co-working spaces can adopt circular economy models by implementing sustainable procurement practices, encouraging members to use reusable materials, and partnering with local organizations to facilitate recycling and repurposing of materials.

  1. Smart Building Technology

Smart building technology uses sensors and other data-driven tools to optimize building performance and reduce energy consumption. Co-working spaces can use smart building technology to monitor energy usage and identify areas for improvement, such as optimizing heating and cooling systems or adjusting lighting levels.

In addition to these specific areas of innovation, co-working spaces can also play a broader role in promoting sustainability by:

  1. Community Outreach

Co-working spaces can engage with the local community by hosting events and educational programs on sustainability topics, such as composting or sustainable transportation. These outreach efforts can help raise awareness and promote sustainable practices more broadly.

  1. Partnerships with Local Organizations

Co-working spaces can partner with local sustainability-focused organizations, such as environmental groups or renewable energy providers, to share knowledge and resources and promote sustainability within the local community.

By continuing to innovate and promote sustainable practices, co-working spaces can play a critical role in advancing sustainability more broadly and creating a more sustainable future for all.

Examples of Co-Working Spaces with Successful Sustainability Practices

Several co-working spaces have seen positive outcomes from implementing sustainable practices, including:

  • WeWork: WeWork has committed to becoming carbon-neutral by 2025 and has implemented sustainable building design, renewable energy sources, and energy-efficient appliances in their spaces. Their sustainability practices have not only reduced their environmental impact but also saved them money on operational costs.
  • Impact Hub: Impact Hub is a global co-working space network that prioritizes sustainability and social impact. They have implemented waste management practices, sustainable transportation options, and community-building events focused on environmental sustainability.
  • Vibe Coworking Spaces: Vibe Coworking Spaces is a co-working space provider that has a location in Pune. The company provides startups with flexible office space, high-speed internet, meeting rooms, and event spaces mentorship, and access to a community of like-minded individuals.


Co-working spaces have the potential to play a significant role in promoting sustainability in the workplace. Many leading co-working spaces have already implemented innovative sustainable practices, such as green building design, energy-efficient appliances, and sustainable waste management programs. These sustainable practices can bring numerous benefits, including environmental, economic, and social benefits, such as cost savings, improved employee satisfaction, and reduced greenhouse gas emissions.

While there are challenges to implementing sustainable practices in co-working spaces, such as high upfront costs and a lack of buy-in from members, there are also strategies that co-working spaces can use to overcome these challenges. These include partnering with sustainability-focused organizations, providing education and incentives for members, and prioritizing sustainable practices in business operations.

Looking to the future, co-working spaces have the potential to further innovate in sustainable practices, such as adopting circular economy models and integrating smart building technology. Additionally, co-working spaces can promote sustainability more broadly through community outreach and partnerships with local organizations.

Overall, co-working spaces have an essential role to play in promoting sustainability and creating a more sustainable future for all. By continuing to prioritize sustainable practices, co-working spaces can help lead the way in advancing sustainability in the workplace and beyond.


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